Consortium > UPS

Université Paris-Sud XI, Faculté d'Orsay

Organization short name: UPS-Orsay
acronym: UPS
web page: www.u-psud.fr/en/university/faculty_of_sciences.html

Description of the organization

Ecology, Systematics and Evolution (ESE) is part of Université Paris-Sud (which is a public higher education establishment) and associated with CNRS (Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique). ESE is composed of about 45 scientist, 35 engineers or technicians and 30 doctorante or post-doc, and the team involved (Plant Ecophysiology, LEV) share about ¼ of ESE.

Expertise and experience of the organization

LEV combines strong observational expertise (plant physiology, soil carbon, vegetation structure, vegetation- atmosphere fluxes, remote sensing, etc.) with stand process-based modeling (e.g. forest biochemical cycles including tree growth) with emphasis on growth, carbon storage and long term climate change.

Selected reference projects

Key scientific / technical personnel

Dr. Eric Dufrêne, head of LEV (Plant Ecophysiologist) Group at ESE-UPS-Orsay, involved as researcher or PI in above mentioned EU projects. Expert in modeling forest ecosystem related processes, including carbon and water fluxes, carbon allocation and long term tree growth.
Dr. Christophe François, Expert in forest ecosystem modelisation. Established experience in remote sensing and regional simulations.

Responsibilities in CARBO-Extreme

  • Model-data integration (WP5)

Selected recent relevant publications

Barbaroux C, Bréda N, Dufrêne E, Distribution of aboveground and belowground carbohydrate reserves in adult trees of two contrasting broad-leaved species (Quercus petraea and Fagus sylvatica). New Phytologist 157(3), 605-615, 2003. link to publisher

Dufrêne E, Davi H, François C, et al., Modelling carbon and water cycles in a beech forest. Part I : Model description and uncertainty analysis on modelled NEE. Ecological Modelling, 185(2-4), 407-436, 2005. link to publisher

Loustau D, Bosc A, Colin A, Ogee J, Davi H, François C, Dufrêne E, et al., Modelling the climate change effects on the potential production of French plain forests at the sub regional level. Tree Physiology 25(7), 813-823, 2005. link to publisher

Davi H, Bouriaud O, Dufrêne E, Soudani K, Pontailler JY, le Maire G, François C, Bréda N, Granier A & le Dantec V, Effect of aggregating spatial parameters on modelling forest carbon and water fluxes. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 139(3-4), 269-287, 2006. link to publisher

Davi H, Dufrêne E, François C, et al., Sensitivity of water and carbon fluxes to climate changes from 1960 to 2100 in European forest ecosystems. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 141, 35-56, 2006. link to publisher

Le Maire G, François C, Soudani K, Davi H, le Dantec V, Saugier B, Dufrêne E, Forest leaf area index determination: A multiyear satellite-independent method based on within-stand normalized difference vegetation index spatial variability. Journal of Geophysical Research 111(G2), G02027, 2006. link to publisher

Le Maire G, François C, Soudani K, Berveiller D, Pontailler JY, Bréda N, Genet H, Davi H, Dufrêne E, Calibration and validation of hyperspectral indices for the estimation of broadleaved forest leaf chlorophyll content, leaf mass per area, leaf area index and leaf canopy biomass. Remote Sensing of Environment, 112(10): 3846-3864, 008. link to publisher

Davi H, Barbaroux C, Francois C, le Dantec V, Dufrêne E, The fundamental role of reserves and hydraulic constraints in predicting LAI and carbon allocation in forests. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 149(2), 349-361, 2009. link to publisher