University of Antwerp
Description of the organization
The University of Antwerp was established in the early 1970ís. Environmental research is one of the key foci of the university; the university founded an Institute of Environmental Studies, while also the Faculties of Science and Medicine are very active in environmental research. The University of Antwerp is supporting four Centres of Excellence. One of these specializes in environmental research and is presided by the Research Group of Plant and Vegetation Ecology.
Expertise and experience of the organization
The main objectives of the research group of Plant and Vegetation Ecology are a better understanding of the functioning, the dynamics and the structure of vegetation, at the leaf, plant, community and ecosystem levels. Particular emphasis lies on global change impacts. The research group combines experimental work with process- based modelling.
Selected reference projects
(FP4 , ENV4-CT95-0077)
Key scientific / technical personnel
Prof. Dr. Ivan Janssens, Expert in ecosystem carbon cycling, with particular emphasis on the impact of climate change on soil carbon dynamics.
Responsibilities in CARBO-Extreme
Selected recent relevant publications
de Boeck HJ, Lemmens CMHM, Vicca Sara, van den Berge J, van Dongen S, Janssens IA, Ceulemans R, Nijs I, How do climate warming and species richness affect CO2 fluxes in experimental grasslands? The New Phytologist, 175, 512-522, 2007. link to publisher
Davidson EA, Janssens IA, Temperature sensitivity of soil carbon decomposition and feedbacks to climate change. Nature, 440, 165-173, 2006. link to publisher
Janssens IA, Freibauer A, Ciais P, Smith P, Nabuurs G-J, Folberth G, Schlamadinger B, Hutjes RWA, Ceulemans R, Schulze ED, Valentini R, Dolman AJ, Europe's terrestrial biosphere absorbs 7 to 12% of European anthropogenic CO2 emissions. Science, 300, 1538-1542, 2003. link to publisher
Marchand FL, Kockelbergh F, Van de Vijver B, Beyens L, Nijs I, Are heat and cold resistance of arctic species affected by successive extreme temperature events? The New Phytologist, 170, 291-300, 2006. link to publisher
Luyssaert S, et al. CO2 balance of boreal, temperate, and tropical forests derived from a global database. Global change biology, 2007. link to publisher
Milbau A, Scheerlinck L, Reheul D, de Cauwer B, Nijs I, Ecophysiological and morphological parameters related to survival in grass species exposed to an extreme climatic event. Physiologia plantarum, 125, 500-512 , 2005. link to publisher
Marchand FL, Mertens S, Kockelbergh F, Beyens L, Nijs I, Performance of High Arctic tundra plants improved during but deteriorated after exposure to a simulated extreme temperature event. Global change biology, 11, 2078-2089, 2005. link to publisher