Institute National de la Recherche Agronomique
Description of the organization
INRA carries out mission-oriented research for better food and nutrition, preservation of the environment and competitive, sustainable agricultural practices. INRA is ranked 2nd in the world and 1st in Europe for publications in the agricultural sciences, and plant and animal sciences. 1,826 researchers and 1,634 doctoral students work at INRA. The complementary nature of topics studied and techniques used, as well as the diversity of partnerships, guarantee INRA great capacity and the relevance of its actions to benefit society.
Expertise and experience of the organization
INRA has been actively involved since more than 10 years in research projects on climate change, on the carbon and water cycles and on the greenhouse gas balance of terrestrial ecosystems. These research activities have led to large investments in field sites (see www.ore.fr) and in ecosystem manipulation experiments. INRA is responsible for the constitution of the soil information system for French soils and is involved in several European projects linked to soil monitoring and modeling. INRA also coordinates four French national projects (ANR) on climate change impacts, adaptation and vulnerability.
Selected reference projects
The institute has contributed to a series of shared costs projects on elevated CO2 impacts (FP4 MEGARICH), on the carbon cycle, including FP4 Euroflux, FP5 GreenGrass (coordinated by INRA), CarboAge and CarboEuroFlux, FP6 CarboEurope IP and NitroEurope IP. INRA is a partner of infrastructure projects on the carbon cycle such as FP6 IMECC and the ESFRI supported ICOS project. INRA has also contributed in this area to concerted actions such as CarboEurope GHG. These research projects have been supported by Marie-Curie fellowships and by a research and training network.
Responsibilities in CARBO-Extreme
Key scientific / technical personnel
Dr. Jean-François Soussana, senior scientist, head of the Grassland Ecosystem Research Unit (staff of 30) in Clermont-Ferrand is a lead author of the IPCC for the fourth assessment report on Impacts and Adaptation. He coordinated the EESD FP5 'GreenGrass' project (2002-2004) and leads WP in CarboEurope IP and NitroEurope IP.
Selected recent relevant publications
Bréda N, Huc R, Granier A, Dreyer E, Temperate forest trees and stands under severe drought: a review of ecophysiological responses, adaptation processes and long-term consequences. Annals of forest science, 63, 625– 644, 2006. link to publisher
Fontaine S, et al., Stability of organic carbon in deep soil layers controlled by fresh carbon supply. Nature 450, 277-281, 2007. link to publisher
Granier A, ..., Loustau D, et al., Evidence for soil water control on carbon and water dynamics in European forests during the extremely dry year: 2003. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 143(1-2), 123-145, 2007. link to publisher
Howden SM, Soussana JF, Tubiello FN, Chhetri N, Dunlop M, Meinke H, Adapting agriculture to climate change. PNAS, 104(50), 19691-19696, 2007. link to publisher
Magnani F, ..., Loustau D, et al., The human footprint in the carbon cycle of temperate and boreal forests. Nature, 447, 849-851, 2007. link to publisher
Soussana JF, Allard V, Pilegaard K, et al., Full accounting of the greenhouse gas (CO2, N2O, CH4) budget of nine European grassland sites. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment 121(1-2), 121-134, 2007. link to publisher
Tubiello F, Soussana JF, Howden SM, Easterling W, Crop and pasture response to climate change. PNAS, 104 (50), 19686-19690, 2007. link to publisher
Vuichard N, …, Soussana JF, Estimating the greenhouse gas fluxes of European grasslands with a process-based model: 2. Simulations. Global Biogeochemical Cycles 21 GB1005, 2007. link to publisher