Eidgenössische Technische Hochschule Zürich
Description of the organization
The Eidgenössische Technische Hochschule (ETH) Zürich in Switzerland was founded 1855 and has a long tradition as a world-leading research and teaching institute in science and engineering. Currently it is ranked among the top five universities in Europe according to the Shanghai Jiao Tong University ranking.
Expertise and experience of the organization
ETH Zürich hosts nationally and internationally well-known departments in Environmental Science, Agricultural and Food Science and Earth Science. The high scientific standards are complemented by the continuous support of new, innovative research areas, e.g., seen by the set-up of a new Competence Center for Environment and Sustainability CCES. The Chair of Grassland Sciences has long standing expertise in the use of stable isotopes in ecology, maintains a state-of-the-art stable isotope mass spectrometry lab and focuses on research in biogeochemistry of terrestrial ecosystems, in particularly the ecosystem C, N and water dynamics under changing climatic conditions, and interactions among biodiversity and ecosystem functions. The Marie Curie Team operates two novel laser spectrometers for stable isotopes to study the flow of carbon and water through terrestrial ecosystems. The Chair of Land-Climate Interactions investigates the role of land surface processes in the climate system using regional (Climate-LM) and global (ECHAM5) climate models, land surface models (CLM, TerraLM), diagnostic estimates, ground and satellite observations, and field measurements.
Selected reference projects
Responsibilities in CARBO-Extreme
Key scientific / technical personnel
Prof. Nina Buchmann, Chair of Grassland Sciences in the Institute of Plant Sciences, ETH Zurich. Expert in ecosystem physiology and the use of stable isotopes in soils, vegetation and biospheric-atmospheric interactions. Principal investigator and work package leader in EU-projects on C and N fluxes in ecosystems, i.e. FORCAST,
CarboEuroflux, CarboEurope-IP, ICOS. Since 2004 member of the German Advisory Council for Global Change.
Selected recent relevant publications
Ciais P, Reichstein M, …, Buchmann N, …, Knohl A, …, Valentini R, Europe-wide reduction in primary productivity caused by the heat and drought in 2003. Nature 437:529-533, 2005. link to publisher
Högberg P, Nordgren A, Buchmann N, et al., Large-scale forest girdling shows that current photosynthesis drives soil respiration. Nature 411, 789-792, 2001. link to publisher
Knohl A, Werner RA, Brand WA, Buchmann N, Short-term variations in δ13C of ecosystem respiration reveals link between assimilation and respiration in a deciduous forest. Oecologia 142:70-82 , 2005. link to publisher
Seneviratne SI, et al., Land-atmosphere coupling and climate change in Europe. Nature, 443, 205-209, 2006. link to publisher
Seneviratne SI, Koster RD, et al., Soil moisture memory in AGCM simulations: Analysis of Global Land-Atmosphere Coupling Experiment (GLACE) data. J. Hydrometeor., 7(5), 1090-1112, 2006. link to publisher