Description of the organization
Fundación CEAM was created in 1991 to address specific environmental research areas in the Mediterranean Basin by the Spanish government. CEAM is European leader on air pollution dynamics in the Mediterranean Basin, and operates the EUropean PHOto REactor (EUPHORE), the largest simulation chamber facility in the world for atmospheric chemistry. The Foundation is involved in other programmes like meteorology of serious environmental hazards (high winds, torrential rains), evaluation of air pollution effects on vegetation, land-cover reclamation after wildfires, and desertification. Fundación CEAM regularly advises Spanish government and the EU Commission on air pollution, desertification and climate change issues and is playing a key role in contributing to IPCC and the groups of the UNECE CLRTAP and the UNFCCC.
Expertise and experience of the organization
The Air Pollution Effects Laboratory has large experience on CO2 and Energy flux and nitrogen deposition measurements by different approaches. The lab co-ordinates all flux activities for CARBOEUROPE-IP and NITROEUROPE-IP in Spain. Involved in CIRCE-IP project, Fundación CEAM regularly advises policy makers and has frequent contacts with media and the broad public.
Selected reference projects
Key scientific / technical personnel
Dr. Arnaud Carrara, Research Scientist, responsible for carbon cycle group within the “Air Pollution Effects” Department, involved in several EU Projects. Represented the Univ. of Antwerp (UIA) team in CARBOEUROFLUX (FP5). Expert in eddy covariance measurement, including data treatment and analysis. Expert in ecosystem-atmosphere exchange of CO2 and H2O. Collaborations with modelers (ecophysiologists) and soil scientists.
Responsibilities in CARBO-Extreme
Selected recent relevant publications
Canadell JG, Kirschbaum M, Schlamadinger B, Kurz WA, Sanz M-J, Yamagata Y, Freibauer A, Factoring out Natural, Indirect and Direct Human-Induced Effects on Terrestrial Carbon Sources and Sinks. Environmental Science and Policy, 10:370-384, 2007. link to publisher
Gilmanov TG, ... , Gimeno C, ... Sanz MJ, et al., Partitioning European grassland net ecosystem CO2 exchange into gross primary productivity and ecosystem respiration using light response function analysis. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment 121, 93-120 , 2007. link to publisher
Millán MM, Estrela MJ, Sanz MJ, et al., Climatic Feedbacks and Desertification: The Mediterranean Model. Journal of Climate 18(5), 684 - 701, 2005. link to publisher
Ciais P, Reichstein M, Viovy N, [...], Carrara A, [...], Sanz M-J, et al., Europe-wide reduction in primary productivity caused by the heat and drought in 2003. Nature 437: 529-533, 2005. link to publisher
Carrara A, Janssens IA, Curiel Yuste J, Ceulemans R, Seasonal changes in photosynthesis, respiration and NEE of a mixed temperate forest. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 126, 15-31, 2004. link to publisher