Commissariat à l'Énergie Atomique, LSCE
Description of the organization
The institute LSCE (Laboratoire des Sciences du Climat et de l’Environnement) is a joint research unit of the Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS-INSU) and the Commissariat à l’Energie Atomique (CEA), two major funding agencies in France. The LSCE is part of the Institut Pierre Simon Laplace (IPSL) in Paris and covers numerous fields of research related to climate and environment.
Expertise and experience of the organization
The experience and qualification of LSCE researchers relevant to C-Extreme comprises a unique expertise in atmospheric composition monitoring, development of process-based models over land and ocean, and inversion methods to quantify sources and sinks of greenhouse gazes using atmospheric, space-borne, and in-situ observations. The LSCE researchers also played a leading role in the development of Earth System modelling in France, with the LMDZ-INCA chemistry-aerosol transport model and the ORCHIDEE terrestrial ecosystem simulator.
Selected reference projects
The organizational experience of the LSCE in the European research area is reflected through its active participation in several EU funded projects:
Key scientific / technical personnel
Dr Philippe Ciais is research scientist, currently Assistant Director at the LSCE (Staff 300). He has over 15 years research in the field of Carbon Cycle studies and of environmental isotope studies, and has contributed to 100 publications in peer reviewed journals, including 10 in Science and Nature.
Responsibilities in CARBO-Extreme
Selected recent relevant publications
Ciais P, Reichstein M, Viovy N, Granier A, et al., Europe-wide reduction in primary productivity caused by the heat and drought in 2003, Nature, 437, 529-533, 2005. link to publisher
Berthelot M, Friedlingstein P, Ciais P, Dufresne J-L, Monfray P, How uncertainties in future climate change predictions translate into future terrestrial carbon fluxes. Global Change Biology, 11, 959-970, 2005. link to publisher
Peylin P, Rayner P, Bousquet P, Carouge C, Hourdin F, Heinrich P, Ciais P, and AEROCARB contributors, Daily CO2 flux estimates over Europe from continuous atmospheric measurements: 1, inverse methodology, Atmos. Chem. and Phys., 5, 3173-3186, 2005. link to publisher
Zaehle S, Bondeau A, Carter TR, et al., Projected changes in terrestrial carbon storage in Europe under climate and land-use change, 1990-2100, Ecosystems, 10, 3, 380-401, 2007. link to publisher